Swift iOS Version Checking

While iOS 8 is now officially in the wild, it may take a bit of time to reach the level of user adoption that iOS 7 had accumulated over the past year.  If you plan to target the widest number of users for your app (at least in these early days of the iOS 8 roll-out), it’d probably be wise to include iOS 7 in your target audience.

When accommodating iOS 7 users, you’ll inevitably run into instances where you need to check which iOS version the device is running, so that you can implement a fall-back plan for older versions of iOS.

In Objective-C, I’ve seen this accomplished by using pre-processor directives, or with introspection.  Swift, however, has no pre-processor directives in v1.0, and only objects which conform to the NSObject protocol can utilize the respondsToSelector: method call.  What to do?

As it turns out, Apple has guidance that would actually work for both Objective-C and Swift – It involves simply checking the NSFoundationVersionNumber of the device against one of the pre-defined values defined in NSObjCRuntime.h.

To accomplish this in Swift, you can create a new Swift file (I called mine “iOSVersions.swift”) to hold the following code:

Whenever you need to check which iOS version the device is running, you can simply use the iOS8 / iOS7 constants that you just defined – they’re accessible in other Swift files throughout your project:

With these little snippets, you should be empowered to support iOS 7 while taking advantage of new iOS 8-only features and APIs.  You can also begin to move away from deprecated ways of doing things, while not breaking your app for iOS 7 users, so long as iOS 7 retains a significant slice of the iOS version pie.

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  • Ivo Vacek

    UIDevice.currentDevice().systemVersion works for me on iOS7 as well (availability iOS8 or later is declared by apple)

    Try to check this simple project http://op183.github.io/MasterDetailDemo/
    It is just overwritten swift template of Master – Demo app which runs on all devices and iOS7. Work to support iPad iOS7 was much more complicated although just one function is missing on it. Conversely support an iPhone iOS7 was a really easy task.
    I can see that most of trouble we have because only one version of app can be in app store

    • Andrew Bancroft

      Good info – I appreciate you sharing!

  • http://firstjohn.wordpress.com/ John Luther Barnhart

    Isn’t NSFoundationVersionNumber_iOS_7_1 not defined in iOS 7?

    • Andrew Bancroft

      So here’s my thought: I believe you’re right, that NSFoundationVersionNumber_iOS_7_1 isn’t defined in the iOS 7 SDK. But presumably, you’d be using the iOS 8 SDK to build your iOS 8 app with iOS 7 compatibility, and it *is* defined in the iOS 8 SDK. So the logic I’m proposing in the post should work… Thoughts?

      • http://firstjohn.wordpress.com/ John Luther Barnhart

        I don’t know about Swift, but in Objective-C, NSFoundationVersionNumber_iOS_7_1 wasn’t defined when I ran the app on an iOS 7 device, even though I built it using iOS 8 SDK. The device doesn’t have iOS 8, so the device doesn’t know what that is.

  • Kakubei

    Great article, helped me a lot, thanks!